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Sunday, August 2, 2020 | History

2 edition of Water consumption in acrylic garment dyeing in paddle machines found in the catalog.

Water consumption in acrylic garment dyeing in paddle machines

S. M. Jaeckel

Water consumption in acrylic garment dyeing in paddle machines

by S. M. Jaeckel

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Published by Hosiery and Allied Trades Research Association in Nottingham .
Written in English


Edition Notes

StatementS. M. Jaeckel, J. Knight and P. Pyle.
SeriesHatra note -- 17
ContributionsPyle, P., Knight, J., Hosiery and Allied Trades Research Association.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL18237455M

Use absorbent fabric. Hand wash. Dyeing and Staining. Dyeing and staining fabric and raw canvas can only be done with acrylic emulsion paints such as Liquitex Acrylics. Acids in oil paint will attack and destroy fabrics and canvas over time. Paint: Liquitex Medium Viscosity Concentrated Artist Colors. Medium or Additive: Liquitex Flow-Aid Flow. printing machines and acrylic yarn the minimization of water use provided a 30% reduction in the total specific water consumption of the mill. in a polyester flannel fabric dyeing and.

similar to paint, microscopic sized particles made to adhere to a fabric, usually used for printing, water insoluble, a wide variety in colors, held on the surface of fiber mechanically, any pigment can be used on any fiber, the color can be more consistent, quick, simple, and economical, much lower color strength than dyes, a large amount of pigments and resins are needed, stiffness, .   Boil a large pot of water with salt in it. Fill a large pot with enough water to cover your fabric and allow it to move freely. Mix in some table salt, and place the pot on the the heat to high, and bring the water to a full boil. In general, you’ll want to use 4 cups or 1 liter ( US gal) of water for every yard or meter of fabric that you’re dyeing.

V. Methods of dyeing A. Batch or exhaust dyeing 1. Beck, reel, or winch dyeing 2. Jig dyeing 3. Pad dyeing B. Package dyeing C. Combination dyeing 1. Jet dyeing 2. Paddle machines, rotary drums, or tumblers 3. Continuous machines or ranges VI. Printing A. Localized application 1. Paste of dyes wet print 2. Paste of pigments dry print 3. Foam. Allow the glue to dry completely in the fabric, becoming rigid and clear. Next, paint or dye the fabric in the colors of your choice. Allow the fabric to dry completely again. Next, soak the fabric minutes to soften the glue used as a resist. Then hand or machine-wash the fabric to remove the glue entirely.


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Water consumption in acrylic garment dyeing in paddle machines by S. M. Jaeckel Download PDF EPUB FB2

Percent water use Cotton textile Synthetic textile Steam generation Cooling water --Deminerialised or RO water for specific purpose Process water Sanitary use Miscellaneous and fire fighting Table 2: Total water consumed during wet processing Process Percent water consumed Bleaching 38% Dyeing 16% File Size: 68KB.

An average composite textile mill, which produces kg/day of fabric, consumes roughly million liters of water per day, out of which 8% is utilized in printing and 16% is used in the dyeing process (Kant, ).

Mechanical processing of textiles, such as spinning, weaving, and garmenting, requires very little by: 5. 3 Identifying opportunities for reducing water use 8 What you need to know about water use 8 Options for reducing water use 9 The process flow diagrams for woven fabric finishing, knit fabric finishing and stock and yarn dyeing and finishing are shown in Figs 2 - 4.

Once measured, the values obtained for raw material andFile Size: KB. In paddle machines, the dyeing can be carried out with tolower ratios reduces optimum movement of the goods, lead to unlevel dyeing, crease formation. For gentleness, the blades of the paddle are either curved or have rounded edges and the rotating speed of the paddle can be regulated from to 40 rpm.

Air-Flow Dyeing Machines in Textile Production. By admin | T+ August 21st, The solutions have been collected in this online catalogue ‘Managing Water Use in Scarce Environments’ and is meant to inspire action and use by leading industry, policy makers and our country programs.

Specific water consumption for dyeing varies from 30 - 50 liters per kg of cloth depending on the type of dye used. The overall water consumption of yarn dyeing is about 60 liters per kg of yarn. Dyeing section contributes to 15% - 20% of the total waste water flow. Water is also required for washing the dyed and printed fabric and yarn to achieve.

water and energy consumption. Access to this expertise was a major driver for Jiarong to join the China Water Program. (3) Enabling technologies The air-flow dyeing machine uses an air jet rather than a water jet to dye knitwear.

The overall reduction in water and energy use was 53% and 50% respectively per tonne of material processed. Paddle. dyeing machines are available in different sizes and designs.

A paddle mechanism is used to move the garments/items and the dye solution. In some machines the paddle is on the side of the machine.

Note: Mesh bags are used to dye delicate items that require special handling. rotary drum. machine consists of a perforated drum that. Alternatively, just use your cold water - usually only the hot water supply is softened - and then use one of the phosphate water softeners mentioned above, as needed.

Alternatives for hard water problems. Areas with "bad" water often have coin-operated water purifying machines available outside of grocery stores, which allow you to fill your.

The dry dyeing method, a pioneering work of a Dutch company in textile dyeing, does not make use of water at all. Super critical is a state where matter.

The rinse water from the final rinse in a batch dyeing operation is fairly clean and can be used directly for further rinsing or to make up subsequent dye baths.

Several woven fabric and carpet mills use this rinse water for dye bath preparation. Reuse of. The machines in which dyeing is carried out in an open width are jigger and padding mangles, whereas in winch and jet dyeing machines, dyeing is done in rope form.

The continuous padding machines are used for continuous dyeing, whereas most of the other machines are batch machines, that is, they handle a finite length of fabric at a time. HT Paddle Machines work according to the principle of horizontal paddle machine, however, the temperature can be raised up to o C.

PES articles are preferably dyed on HT paddles. In paddle machines, the dyeing can be carried out with tolower ratios reduces optimum movement of the goods, lead to unlevel dyeing, crease formation.

Up to 26 gallons ( liters) of water are needed to dye just two pounds (one kilogram) of cotton fabric. The daily water consumption of an average sized textile mill having is about million liters. Specific water consumption for dyeing varies from 30 – 50 liters per kg of cloth depending on the type of dye used.

Specific water consumption range is given as 10– L/kg product for the textile industry and 21– L/kg for the mills with finishing and dyeing processes in (ref BAT-EC). In another source, it is reported that the consumed amount of water could reach to L/kg product depending on the fiber and applied technology [5, 6, 7].

It then acts as a solvent and a solute at the same time. As a result, color pigments penetrate much more quickly into textile fibers and no chemicals or salts are needed. Since the dyeing time is cut in half and fabric comes dry out of the machine, energy use is reduced by 50 percent, according to DyeCoo’s former CEO Reinier Mommaal.

The amount of clothes bought in the EU per person has increased by 40 % in just a few decades, driven by a fall in prices and the increased speed with which fashion is delivered to consumers.

Clothing accounts for between 2 % and 10 % of the environmental impact of EU consumption. Washing fabric consumes greater quantities of water than dyeing.

Water consumption of a batch processing machine depends on its bath ratio and also on mechanical factors such as agitation, mixing, bath and fabric turnover rate (called contact), turbulence and other mechanical considerations, as well as physical flow characteristics involved in.

Procion Cold Water Dye, set of eight large half-pound jars. When mixed with soda ash, Procion MX dye is permanent, colorfast and very washable. Great for tie-dye and dyeing fabric.

8 ounce 8-color assortment of golden yellow, brilliant orange, fire engine red, fuchsia, turquoise, medium blue, bright green and jet black. Open Library is an open, editable library catalog, building towards a web page for every book ever published.

Read, borrow, and discover more than 3M books for free. The water use efficiency of harvest yield per evapotranspiration flux was kg lint cotton m⁻³ water and kg lint m⁻³ water in andrespectively which –2 times those of.

The focus of activities in the drinking water sector since the s has been the provision of safe and reliable sources of water to unserved segments of the population.

The need for water was often urgent, and many UNICEF country water programmes emerged from drought relief programmes. Initially, the primary problem faced by many domestic water.Summary: He is providing a complete on-site textile training program for dyeing, finishing, yarn manufacturing, fabric design and product development, color matching, dye chemistry, textile chemistry and Statistical Process Control.

He makes large reductions in costs, reduces water treatment costs, develops new fabric products and resolves.